Previous projects (finished)
- iCoper (Interoperable Content for Performance in a Competency-driven Society)
- Spindeln 1.0 (The Spider) – Ongoing with Spindeln 2.0
- EdReNe (Educational Repositories Network)
- ProLearn (Network of Excellence in Professional eLearning)
- Matrix (in Swedish)
- MELT (a Metadata Ecology for Learning and Teaching)
- SWE-LOM (in Swedish)
- NotNavet (in Swedish)
- The Annofolio (Making the Curriculum digitally available and usable)
- Provbanken (Plattform for a national test bank)
- SCAM (Standardized Contextualized Access to Metadata)
- VWE (The Virtual Workspace Environment)
- OASIS (Open Architecture and Schools in Society)
- EUN (A European Multimedia Schoolnet)
ICOPER was a Best Practice Network co-funded by the eContentplus programme of the European Community. The 30-months-project started in September 2008 and had the mission to collect and further develop best practices for higher education tackling issues like creating learning designs and teaching methods, authoring content for re-use, transferring knowledge in an outcome-oriented way and assessing it, or evaluating learning activities.
The 25 Partners from all over Europe were key and leading experts in digital educational development and technology enhanced learning (TEL). As an Open Network Philosophy was followed everyone could get involved, contribute and benefit.
The three main objectives of the consortium were
- Analyse and facilitate the adoption of standards and specifications
- Make educational resources like content, learning outcomes, teaching methods and learning designs accessible via the Open ICOPER Content Space
- Validate standards and specifications and condense them into the ICOPER Reference Model (IRM).
The results were documented in reports and are accessible from here.
More information about iCoper is available at http://icoper.org/.
Spindeln (the Spider)
The rapid growth of digital learning resources has brought forward a number of issues concerning availability, distribution and use. Altogether, the issues are a mix of interplaited technological and pedagogical considerations. Some of those issues, mainly related to repositories and the distribution of digital learning resources, are examined and described in this article. A particular focus is put on how resources can be described and indexed using metadata, and on how access to digital learning resources can be improved and facilitated through federation and/or harvesting of metadata in order to tie several repositories together to provide a service that offers one single access point. The project also examined how this single point of access can be moved closer to the user (i.e. to the environment where digital learning resources are used) through simple federation of the service, enabling access to the network of repositories from any virtual learning environment. The study was carried out by experiments connected to a real-life case. The study concludes in several suggestions for how access to digital learning resources can be enhanced, as well as in the identifications of a couple of new issues that need to be addressed by future research.
The project resulted in a couple of scientific publication as well as in a Swedish national OER search service for schools – called Spindeln. The project continues in Spindeln 2.0
More information about Spindeln is available in Swedish.
EdReNe (EU project)
A gap exists between users, who ask “where are the learning resources” and the content providers, who ask “where are the users”. Repositories address this missing knowledge about opportunities and resources. They are key disseminators of information of available learning resources. In repositories users search or browse for relevant resources (text books, websites etc.) among the vast supply on the market. Therefore, in many countries ministries of education/authorities or professional organisations have established national repositories of educational resources.
The objective of this Thematic Network is to bring together these web-based repositories of learning resources with content owners and other stakeholders within education in order to share, develop and document strategies, experiences, practices, solutions, advice, procedures etc. on the organisation, structuring and functionality of repositories.
The overall goal is to improve the provision of and access to learning resources.
The network link to/collaborate with other cross-national and/or local repositories/ collections/ catalogues, and publishers’ associations. EdReNe develops practical guidelines and recommendations, but most importantly, constitutes a collegial network of European repository nodes and stakeholders. The network has the role of connecting the many providers of learning resources with the education community. Existing repositories may cut some corners, and new repositories may have a less costly and much less complicated path in life
Issues addressed include:
- Policies and strategies
- Quality criteria and assurance
- Rights protection and management
- Standards and interoperability
- Development and harmonisation/mapping of application profiles
- Types of learning resources
- Involving commercial publishers and associated agreements
- Encouraging teachers’ knowledge sharing
- Linking to reviews and evaluations
- Connecting to curriculum
- Ethics, screening and clearing, and
- Web-services bridging to other portals and local learning platforms
EdReNe has categorized the long list of issues into 4 themes
- Repository policies and strategies
- Engagement of producers and users
- Standards and interoperability
- Rights issues
The EdReNe project is still an active project even thought there is no longer European funding. The main activities are the EdReNe strategic seminars.
More information can be found on the EdReNe website.
PROLEARN was the first so-called ‘Network of Excellence’ financed by the IST (Information Society Technology – Contract number 507310) programme of the European commission from the years 2004 till 2008 dealing with technology enhanced professional learning. The mission was to bring together the most important research groups in the area of professional learning and training, as well as other key organisations and industrial partners, thus bridging the currently existing gap between research and education at universities and similar organisations and training and continuous education that is provided for and within companies.
This mission has been successfully fulfilled. Many projects have their roots in the PROLEARN community like the project ROLE, IP PROLIX, IP TENCompetence, IP APOSDLE or STELLAR just to name a few.
Most importantly the established community has lasted further with the association EA-TEL. The EA-TEL community is the key driver for two major events, the EC-TEL conferences as well as the summer schools.
While the summer schools are held on yearly basis to train and support PhD students of Technology Enhanced Learning, the EC-TEL conferences are targeted towards researchers and TEL stakeholders in general. Both events significantly support the shaping of the TEL community to enriching research in this field.
More information about ProLearn is available at the ProLearn website.
Projektet avser att skapa ett nationellt tillgängligt, sökbart, icke- auktoritärt nätverk för lärresurser (och beskrivningar av sådana) i matematik på högskolenivå i syfte att stimulera pedagogisk samverkan lärare emellan kring utveckling och utbyte av sådana resurser – producerade såväl inom som utom högskolan. En prototyp konstrueras med syfte att underlätta för och inspirera lärare och studenter att söka i, kommentera, diskutera och utvärdera samt bidra till det gemensamma nätverket av pedagogiska lärobjekt. Under projektets gång kommer vi stegvis att utöka mängden sökbara resurser. Bland annat kommer vi att göra biblioteksmaterial i matematik tillgängligt via en koppling till LIBRIS.
Projektet är finansierat under tiden 1/1 2006 – 1/9 2006 av Nätuniversitetet och BIBSAM.
Mer information på projektets webbplats.
Across Europe, Ministries of Education and other providers of educational content are now offering a wide-range of catalogues and large repositories of online learning resources to schools. However, as the number of resources in these repositories continues to expand, educational budgets are struggling to cope with the increasing demand for better qualitymetadata that will enable teachers and learners to quickly and easily find the specific learning materials they need.
The MELT project has been specifically designed to address this issue by:
- Enhancing the precision of the metadata applied to educational content
- Helping educational content providers meet the growing challenge of volume metadata creation.
The MELT Approach
MELT (a Metadata Ecology for Learning and Teaching) is a 27-month Content Enrichment project supported by the European Commission’s eContentplus Programme. Starting in October 2006, it brings together 17 public and private sector content partners. The project’s coordinator is European Schoolnet (EUN), a unique non-profit consortium of 28 Ministries of Education in Europe, which provides major European education portals for teaching, learning and collaboration and which leads the way in bringing about change in schooling through the use of new technology.
A key aim in MELT is particularly to enrich educational content with metadata that reflects the actual use of each resource by teachers and pupils in a variety of learning contexts. The MELT project is also designed to both raise the awareness of teachers across Europe on the need for accurate tagging of resources and to provide a user-friendly system that motivates teachers to quickly and easily add metadata to resources that they have both used and created.
More information is available at the MELT website.
SWE-LOM är en svensk applikationsprofil (anpassning) av metadatastandarden Learning Object Metadata (LOM). Målsättningen med SWE-LOM är att skapa och underhålla en svensk modell för att beskriva digitala lärresurser med metadata på ett enhetligt sätt. Genom att beskriva digitala lärresurser på ett enhetligt sätt blir det lättare för lärare och elever att hitta och använda digitala lärresurser, samtidigt som det underlättar för de som producerar digitala lärresurser. Som en liten bonus gör SWE-LOM det enklare för Sverige att delta i Europeiska projekt, som exempelvis the European Learning Resource Exchange (LRE) och Melt.
Mer information på SWE-LOMs webbplats.
NoTnavet är en söktjänst för lärare inom naturvetenskap och teknik (NoT) i skola och förskola. Baserat på LIR-gruppens forskning skapades en söktjänst för att hitta relevanta experiment och artiklar.
Nationella resurscentrum i biologi och bioteknik, kemi, fysik och teknik fanns med för att utveckla det material som fanns i NoTnavet. De öppna resurserna i NotNavet ingår även som en del i spindeln.
SCAM (Standardized Contextualized Access to Metadata) is a joint venture by several large public service organizations in Sweden scientifically and technically coordinated by the KMR group at KTH, Uppsala Learning lab and the LIR group at Umeå University and organizationally by the Swedish National Agency for School Development. SCAM aims to be a general-purpose framework for flexible storage and retrieval of metadata. SCAM is not restricted to any specific metadata but has in practise been focused on educational metadata.
The use of metadata and international standards is essential for the effective distribution of learning material as learning objects and learning components. SCAM is an archive system that is very suitable for storing and distributing learning components. By using existing standards for learning-related metadata (IEEE LOM) and metadata in general, such as IMS Content Packaging and RDF, an advanced metadata model is implemented. The metadata model in SCAM supports the use of multiple metadata sets on the same resources, using different vocabularies and taxonomies in a layered manner. Based on the SCAM framework, different types of archives have been built, such as e.g. portfolios or general learning component archives. Furthermore, these archives can be connected to each other by the use of an Edutella peer allowing low-effort export to a wider public and more powerful search. SCAM addresses some of the more common, metadata-related problems of storing and distributing learning components.
The OASIS EU project, aligned with the objectives of the Action Line III.2.1 – “School of Tomorrow”, has made large scale demonstrations of – technology-based school of
- Ubiquitous learning environments (not only in the Apple pilot with its wireless technology, favoured by the project technological architecture, but also through wide, easy and secure access to the school portal contents and services, from any school computer and from home) and innovative learning materials (Pedagogical models designed in WP1.2, together with ongoing initiatives and resources available in the different pilot sites) including remote knowledge sources (Open Code Software Library), which support and manage efficient pedagogical processes and social interaction between learners (collaborative platforms used as FLE3, ZOPE/Plone), tutors and other peer-groups.
- Cost-effective and user-friendly solutions for achieving location independence and widening remote access to resources from the school and at home. (Possible through the assistance of network maintenance automated processes to avoid expensive and inefficient deployment in human resources. Interoperability.)
- Human network creation for getting an effective use of ICT for learning. Complex multidisciplinary support networks have been established to provide the technical pedagogical and administrative support required by the users. Remote automated support has prevailed in technological services, but also with close human support and face to face training when necessary. More personalised support has been provided in pedagogical aspects, but also with intensive use of the designed technology.
VWE (The Virtual Workspace Environment)
In the VWE project, a modular mashup environment was created for building personal and shared virtual learning environments that could be created on the fly to suit a specific pedagogical scenario and specific pedagogical needs. Based on existing Learning Object taxonomies, the project suggests an alternative Learning Object taxonomy, combined with a general Service Oriented Architecture framework, aiming to transfer the modularized concept of Learning Objects to modularized Virtual Learning Environments.The idea was to create learning environments that was adaptable as well as responsive and adaptive.
The Virtual Workspace Environment prototypes show that there is a necessity to unite fundamentals from computer science and pedagogical theories to achieve this.
The project resulted in two advanced prototypes and a number of scientific publications.
For more information about the project, contact Fredrik Paulsson.
EUN (A European Multimedia Schoolnet) (1997-2000)
A EU project for initiating and creating the European Schoolnet (EUN)
European Schoolnet (EUN) is a network of 30 Ministries of Education in Europe and beyond. EUN was created 15 years ago to bring innovation in teaching and learning to its key stakeholders: Ministries of Education, schools, teachers and researchers.
- Policy, research and innovation
- Schools services
- Learning resource exchange and interoperability
See the EUN website.